Coronary Angioplasty is a minimally invasive medical procedure that involves creating a way inside the lumen of the blocked arteries that may interfere with the flow of blood to the heart muscles and possibly result in heart attack or death.
Coronary Angioplasty can also be known as percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA)
Coronary means; - relating to the heart
A vessel is a tube that transports blood around the body; could be an artery, vein or capillary.
What are coronary arteries?
Coronary arteries are the vessels that carry blood rich in nutrients and oxygen to the heart.
More than 32 million patients in India have coronary artery diseases. This is an alarming figure but it can come down if procedures like coronary angioplasty are done at a fair price.
Who needs a coronary angioplasty?
As long as the coronary artery has narrowed for example by clogging with fat, coronary angioplasty is needed.
For example in conditions such as;
- In Angina pectoris
- Commonly after a heart attack.
Will my life change after the coronary angioplasty procedure?
Yes, it will definitely change; for the better!! You will feel like a whole new person with more patent vessel.
How is the procedure done?
The doctor doing the procedure will counsel you on what’s going to happen and what he/she expects you to feel. Any of the questions you ask will be answered.
At the beginning of procedure, the area where the fine tube known as a catheter is going to be passed will be anaesthetized (made to feel numb) so you don’t feel pain during the procedure.
This catheter is introduced in a significant blood vessel that will eventually end up at the coronary artery.
- The dye will then be introduced through the catheter so it can show the course of artery and to clearly show the narrowed areas plus their severity of narrowing.
- This dye will make the artery visible on the x-ray.
- So then the catheter will be passed up to the artery until the narrowed section of the artery is reached.
- The catheter will be pushed through the narrowed part of the vessel till the tip of the catheter has just exited the occluded part.
- A balloon is then inflated so it can create a widening in the artery at the clogged part of the artery.
- In order to keep that vessel patent, a stent needs to be placed at this area.
A stent is a mesh-like graft in cylindrical form that’s used to keep arteries open during coronary angioplasty.
- The balloon will then be deflated and the stent left in place to support the artery.
How long do I have to stay in hospital?
- Most hospitals prefer for the patient to stay in hospital so the team of health professionals can observe you and do some routine tests prior to the procedure.
However after the procedure, it entirely depends on your doctor’s assessment.
So is it safe to travel with this stent in my body?
- Yes it is safe.
Do I need a follow up check?
- Yes you will need a follow up check.
It will be organized by your doctor.
Trust | Transparency | Safety |Quality Service| Compassion